Preventive cardiology focuses on reducing the risk of heart disease, preventing initial heart attacks or strokes, and managing existing cardiovascular conditions. It is a specialized branch of cardiology that takes a proactive approach to maintaining a healthy heart and blood vessels. By addressing risk factors early on, preventive cardiology plays a crucial role in promoting overall well-being.
Why you should visit a preventive cardiologist?
People dealing with the below-mentioned situations/symptoms should visit a preventive cardiologist.
- Individuals with a strong family history of heart attack, stroke, or peripheral artery disease
- People who have personally experienced cardiovascular disease, especially those under the age of 60
- Those with challenging-to-manage risk factors for atherosclerosis, particularly significant cholesterol disorders
- Individuals with risk factors that can be controlled include:
- High blood pressure
- High blood sugar or diabetes
- Obesity, especially with excess abdominal fat
- Unhealthy diet
- Lack of exercise or a sedentary lifestyle
- People with risk factors that cannot be controlled such as:
- Gender: Men face a higher risk for cardiovascular disease than women
- Age: Older individuals, including postmenopausal women, are more prone to heart disease
- Those who have a family history of cardiovascular disease.
What types of tests are ordered by preventive cardiologists?
The cardiologist will evaluate the patient’s medical history, conduct a thorough physical examination, and potentially order a range of tests to assess the condition of the patient’s heart. These risk assessments may include
- Personalized care plan based on medical history, health status, and goals
- Complete risk assessment including:
- Discussion of medical history and cardiovascular history
- Evaluation of lifestyle habits
- Screening for anxiety and depression
- Heart-focused physical examination
- Blood test to check cholesterol, blood sugar, and other health markers
- Additional tests to check for nontraditional and newly discovered heart disease risk factors, including specific proteins, lipoproteins, and other substances associated with heart disease risk
- Review of the risk assessment results and discussion of their implications
- Possible additional tests such as EKG or echocardiogram to provide detailed information about heart function